Ontario Breeding Bird Atlas (1981-1985)
Table of Contents

Book Cover   Species Index

Cover Pageiii
Biogeography of Ontario2
Climate and Topography2
Physiographic Regions2
Forest Regions3
Hudson Bay Lowland Forest3
Boreal Forest3
Great LakesSt. Lawrence Forest3
Carolinian Forest7
Ontario's Shorelines7
Conduct of the survey13
The Grid System13
Coverage Goals13
Atlas Regions15
Data Collection Methods15
Data Processing and Verffication19
Ensuring Good Coverage of a Square or Block19
Ensuring Coverage of all Squares and Blocks20
Final coverage21
Atlasser Effort21
Square and Block Coverage21
Species Coverage28
Atlas results - an overview29
Species Richness29
Abundance Estimates30
Highlights of the Results30
How to use this book32
Species Treated in Maps and Texts32
Arrangement of Species Accounts and Maps32
Ontario Map33
Southern Ontario Map33
Abundance Estimates33
Species Accounts33
Abbreviations Used in the Text34
Species Accounts35
Common Loon36-37
Pied-billed Grebe38-39
Horned Grebe40-41
Red-necked Grebe42-43
Double-crested Cormorant44-45
American Bittern46-47
Least Bittern48-49
Great Blue Heron50-51
Great Egret52-53
Cattle Egret54-55
Green-backed (Green) Heron56-57
Black-crowned Night-Heron58-59
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron60-61
Mute Swan62-63
Canada Goose64-65
Wood Duck66-67
Green-winged Teal68-69
American Black Duck70-71
Northern Pintail74-75
Blue-winged Teal76-77
Cinnamon Teal78-79
Northern Shoveler80-81
American Wigeon84-85
Ring-necked Duck90-91
Lesser Scaup92-93
Common Goldeneye94-95

Hooded Merganser98-99
Common Merganser100-101
Red-breasted Merganser102-103
Ruddy Duck104-105
Turkey Vulture106-107
Bald Eagle110-111
Northern Harrier112-113
Sharp-shinned Hawk114-115
Cooper's Hawk116-117
Northern Goshawk118-119
Red-shouldered Hawk120-121
Broad-winged Hawk122-123
Red-tailed Hawk124-125
American Kestrel126-127
Peregrine Falcon130-131
Gray Partridge132-133
Ring-necked Pheasant134-135
Spruce Grouse136-137
Ruffed Grouse138-139
Sharp-tailed Grouse140-141
Wild Turkey142-143
Northern Bobwhite144-145
Yellow Rail146-147
King Rail148-149
Virginia Rail150-151
Purple Gallinule154-155
Common Moorhen156-157
American Coot158-159
Sandhill Crane160-161
Piping Plover162-163
Solitary Sandpiper166-167
Spotted Sandpiper168-169
Upland Sandpiper170-171
Common Snipe172-173
American Woodcock174-175
Wilson's Phalarope176-177
Little Gull178-179
Ring-billed Gull180-181
Herring Gull182-183
Great Black-backed Gull184-185
Caspian Tern186-187
Common Tern188-189
Forster's Tern190-191
Black Tern192-193
Rock Dove194-195
Mourning Dove196-197
Black-billed Cuckoo198-199
Yellow-billed Cuckoo200-201
Common Barn-Owl (Barn Owl)202-203
Eastern Screech-Owl204-205
Great Horned Owl206-207
Barred Owl208-209
Great Gray Owl210-211
Long-eared Owl212-213
Short-eared Owl214-215
Boreal Owl216-217
Northern Saw-whet Owl218-219
Common Nighthawk220-221
Chimney Swift226-227
Ruby-throated Hummingbird228-229
Belted Kingfisher230-231
Red-headed Woodpecker232-233
Red-bellied Woodpecker234-235
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker236-237
Downy Woodpecker238-239
Hairy Woodpecker240-241
Three-toed Woodpecker242-243
Black-backed Woodpecker244-245
Northern Flicker246-247
Pileated Woodpecker248-249
Olive-sided Flycatcher250-251
Eastern Wood-Pewee252-253
Yellow-bellied Flycatcher254-255
Acadian Flycatcher256-257

Alder Flycatcher258-259
Willow Flycatcher260-261
Least Flycatcher262-263
Eastern Phoebe264-265
Great Crested Flycatcher266-267
Eastern Kingbird268-269
Horned Lark270-271
Purple Martin272-273
Tree Swallow274-275
Northern Rough-winged Swallow276-277
Bank Swallow278-279
Cliff Swallow280-281
Barn Swallow282-283
Gray Jay284-285
Blue Jay286-287
American Crow288-289
Common Raven290-291
Black-capped Chickadee292-293
Boreal Chickadee294-295
Tufted Titmouse296-297
Red-breasted Nuthatch298-299
White-breasted Nuthatch300-301
Brown Creeper302-303
Carolina Wren304-305
House Wren306-307
Winter Wren308-309
Sedge Wren310-311
Marsh Wren312-313
Golden-crowned Kinglet314-315
Ruby-crowned Kinglet316-317
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher318-319
Eastern Bluebird320-321
Swainson's Thrush324-325
Hermit Thrush326-327
Wood Thrush328-329
American Robin330-331
Gray Catbird332-333
Northern Mockingbird334-335
Brown Thrasher336-337
Cedar Waxwing338-339
Loggerhead Shrike340-341
European Starling342-343
White-eyed Vireo344-345
Solitary (Blue-headed) Vireo346-347
Yellow-throated Vireo348-349
Warbling Vireo350-351
Philadelphia Vireo352-353
Red-eyed Vireo354-355
Blue-winged Warbler356-357
Golden-winged Warbler358-359
Brewster's Warbler360-361
Lawrence's Warbler362-363
Tennessee Warbler364-365
Nashville Warbler366-367
Northern Parula368-369
Yellow Warbler370-371
Chestnut-sided Warbler372-373
Magnolia Warbler374-375
Cape May Warbler376-377
Black-throated Blue Warbler378-379
Yellow-rumped Warbler380-381
Black-throated Green Warbler382-383
Blackburnian Warbler384-385
Pine Warbler386-387
Kirtland's Warbler388-389
Prairie Warbler390-391
Palm Warbler392-393
Bay-breasted Warbler394-395
Cerulean Warbler396-397
Black-and-white Warbler398-399
American Redstart400-401
Prothonotary Warbler402-403
Northern Waterthrush406-407
Louisiana Waterthrush408-409
Kentucky Warbler410-411
Connecticut Warbler412-413
Mourning Warbler414-415
Common Yellowthroat416-417
Hooded Warbler418-419

Wilson's Warbler420-421
Canada Warbler422-423
Yellow-breasted Chat424-425
Summer Tanager426-427
Scarlet Tanager428-429
Northern Cardinal430-431
Rose-breasted Grosbeak432-433
Indigo Bunting434-435
Rufous-sided (Eastern) Towhee438-439
Chipping Sparrow440-441
Clay-colored Sparrow442-443
Field Sparrow444-445
Vesper Sparrow446-447
Savannah Sparrow448-449
Grasshopper Sparrow450-451
Henslow's Sparrow452-453
Le Conte's Sparrow454-455
Song Sparrow456-457
Lincoln's Sparrow458-459
Swamp Sparrow460-461
White-throated Sparrow462-463
Dark-eyed Junco464-465
Red-winged Blackbird468-469
Eastern Meadowlark470-471
Western Meadowlark472-473
Yellow-headed Blackbird474-475
Rusty Blackbird476-477
Brewer's Blackbird478-479
Common Grackle480-481
Brown-headed Cowbird482-483
Orchard Oriole484-485
Northern (Baltimore) Oriole486-487
Pine Grosbeak488-489
Purple Finch490-491
House Finch492-493
Red Crossbill494-495
White-winged Crossbill496-497
Pine Siskin498-499
American Goldfinch500-501
Evening Grosbeak502-503
House Sparrow504-505
Red-throated Loon506
Pacific Loon507
American White Pelican508
Tundra Swan509
Snow Goose510
Ross's Goose511
Greater Scaup512
Common Eider513
King Eider514
Oldsquaw (Long-tailed Duck)515
Surf Scoter516
White-winged Scoter517
Rough-legged Hawk518
Golden Eagle519
Willow Ptarmigan520
Lesser (American) Golden-Plover521
Semipalmated Plover522
American Avocet523
Greater Yellowlegs524
Lesser Yellowlegs525
Hudsonian Godwit527
Marbled Godwit528
Semipalmated Sandpiper529
Least Sandpiper530
Pectoral Sandpiper531
Purple Sandpiper532
Stilt Sandpiper534
Short-billed Dowitcher535
Red-necked Phalarope536
Parasitic Jaeger537
Bonaparte's Gull538
Glaucous Gull539
Arctic Tern540
Snowy Owl541
Northern Hawk Owl542
Western Kingbird543
Black-billed Magpie544
Northern Wheatear545
Gray-cheeked Thrush546
Water (American) Pipit547
Bohemian Waxwing548

Northern Shrike549
Orange-crowned Warbler550
Blackpoll Warbler551
American Tree Sparrow552
Lark Sparrow553
(Nelson's) Sharp-tailed Sparrow554
Fox Sparrow555
White-crowned Sparrow556
Harris's Sparrow557
Lapland Longspur558
Smith's Longspur559
Snow Bunting560
Common Redpoll561
Hoary Redpoll562
Trumpeter Swan563
Greater Prairie-Chicken563
California Gull563
Black Guillemot563
Passenger Pigeon563
Bewick's Wren563
Mountain Bluebird563
Applications of atlas data: some preliminary examples566
The role of atlas data in determining relative size of Ontario breeding bird populations566
Uses of breeding bird atlas data for environmental planning569
Crossbills, cone crops and irruptions572
Using data to monitor changes in House Finch distribution574
Multi-species dusters of birds in southern Ontario576
Administrative structure581
Abundance estimates582
Processing and verification of atlas data583
Canadas and Ontario's list of Rare, Threatened, Endangered, Extirpated and Extinct Species (as of May 1987)587
List of plant names found in the text588
Literature cited591
Index of English, French and scientific names611
Bird Studies Canada Privacy Policy | Accessibility Policy
Ontario Breeding Bird Atlas, Birds Canada, 115 Front Street, P.O. Box 160 Port Rowan, ON, N0E 1M0 Canada
Phone: 1-519-586-3531 E-mail: atlas@birdsontario.org Banner photo: John Reaume